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Norsk

UDI memos on practices and procedures

PN 2012-008
Document-ID : PN 2012-008
Case-ID : 16/04902-1
Last modified : 20.04.2018
Documentdate : 20.04.2018
Receiver :

The foreign service missions
The police districts
The Governor of Svalbard
Visa case officers in the UDI

Visa practice for the red group


1. Introduction

2. Concrete, individual assessment of all applications

3. General conditions

4. Stays in a country other than the country of origin

5. Individual circumstances

6. Social and welfare-related considerations

6.1. Visits from family

6.1.1. Parents/children of the reference person in Norway

6.1.2. Spouse/cohabitant of the reference person in Norway

6.1.3. Siblings of the reference person in Norway

6.1.4. More distant relatives of the reference person in Norway

6.2. Visits from boyfriend/girlfriend

6.3. Business travellers

6.4. Participants at cultural events

6.5. Friends/tourists

1.         Introduction

When considering visa applications, the case officer must determine whether the conditions in the Immigration Act Section 10 first paragraph, cf. the Visa Code Article 21, are met. Another factor in the assessment is whether immigration regulatory considerations indicate that a visa should not be granted, cf. the Immigration Act Section 10 second paragraph. In that connection, a concrete assessment must be made of general and individual circumstances that affect the applicant's likelihood of returning.

This memo provides guidance for the part of the case processing that concerns the assessment of the likelihood of return, and applies to nationals of the following countries:

Afghanistan, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, stateless persons, Sudan, Syria and South Sudan.

2.         Concrete, individual assessment of all applications

The immigration administration shall consider the immigration regulatory considerations that apply in each individual case. This means that, for each applicant, a concrete, individual assessment shall be made of whether the applicant will return to his or her country of origin/residence after visiting Norway/Schengen. If one or more conditions are not met, for example if there is doubt about the stated purpose of the trip, the application shall be rejected on these grounds, but the decision shall also comment on the return requirement. If all other conditions are met, the application shall nonetheless be rejected if there is reason to believe that the applicant will not leave the Schengen area when the visa expires.

3.         General conditions

The case processing includes an assessment of the general conditions in the country or region the applicant is from or staying in. This assessment is necessary because a country's financial, social and/or political conditions are deemed to influence the population's emigration potential.

Based on the current level of conflict, the number of asylum applications to Norway and Schengen, the living conditions and the practice in other Schengen states, the UDI considers that there is generally a significant emigration potential to Norway and Schengen for the countries mentioned above. As a rule, it is therefore difficult for nationals of these countries to obtain a visa. This is also based on our experience of visa applicants from these countries in recent years.

4.         Stays in a country other than the country of origin

If the applicant is not resident in his or her country of origin, the following must be clarified:

  • the applicant's grounds for residence in the country in which he or she is staying
  • the duration of the applicant's residence permit and whether it can be renewed
  • how long the applicant has stayed in the country and how long the stay is expected to last
  • whether the applicant has travelled to other countries before and during the stay

If it has been documented that the applicant is able to return to his or her country of residence after a visa visit to Norway/Schengen, the assessment of the general conditions shall be related to the applicant's country of residence. This also applies if the applicant's ability to return has only been substantiated, for example if an application has been submitted for renewal of a residence permit and the conditions for renewal are considered to be met.

If it is uncertain whether the applicant wants to or is able to return to his or her country of residence, the assessment of the general conditions shall primarily be related to the applicant's country of origin, or another (new) country of residence. In such case, the general conditions in the applicant's country of residence play a subordinate role, but must not be completely disregarded.

5.         Individual circumstances

The applicant's specific situation in his or her country of origin/residence may increase or reduce the likelihood of him/her returning after the visit. In this connection, consideration is given to the applicant's age, whether he or she is in employed and has a family, owns property and/or has financial/social obligations. It is also relevant whether the applicant has held a Schengen visa before and met the visa conditions, and whether members of the applicant's close family have emigrated.

When the applicant comes from a country where the general conditions indicate a significant emigration potential, individual circumstances may increase the probability that the applicant will return after the visit. However, if the circumstances do not clearly indicate that the applicant will return after the visit, it shall be assessed whether social or welfare-related considerations apply. If that is the case, such considerations may be given more weight than general and individual circumstances affecting the likelihood of return, and a visa may be granted.

6.         Social and welfare-related considerations

If we believe the applicant will return after the visit, social and welfare-related considerations will not be relevant. If there is doubt about whether the applicant will return, the purpose of the visit may nonetheless mean that the visa application will be granted. This requires the purpose of the visit to be documented or sufficiently substantiated. If that is not the case, the application must be rejected pursuant to the Immigration Act Section 10 first paragraph letter (b). Welfare considerations are usually related to visits from family and friends, while social considerations are related to industry political and cultural interests and thus concern business travellers, tourists and participants at cultural events. How much weight such considerations shall be given for nationals of the above-mentioned countries is discussed below.

6.1.    Visits from family

6.1.1.  Parents/children of the reference person in Norway

Applications may in some cases be granted. In that connection, individual circumstances shall be given more weight than general conditions.

Particularly weighty welfare considerations apply in the event of a death or life-threatening illness in the applicant's close family. In such cases, applications shall, as a rule, be treated as applications for a national visa, cf. PN 2010-021.

6.1.2.  Spouse/cohabitant of the reference person in Norway

As a rule, welfare considerations do not apply to visits from a spouse/cohabitant. In the event of death or life-threatening illness, the same applies as for parents/children.

6.1.3.  Siblings of the reference person in Norway

As a rule, welfare considerations do not apply to visits from siblings.

In the event of death or life-threatening illness, the same applies as for parents/children.

6.1.4.  More distant relatives of the reference person in Norway

As a rule, welfare considerations do not apply to visits from distant relatives.

6.2.    Visits from boyfriend/girlfriend

As a rule, welfare considerations do not apply to visits from a boyfriend/girlfriend.

6.3.    Business travellers

As a rule, applications for a visa shall be rejected. Decisive weight may be given to social or political considerations, however. In such case, a visa may be granted.

6.4.    Participants at cultural events

As a rule, applications for a visa shall be rejected. Decisive weight may be given to social or political considerations, however. In such case, a visa may be granted.

6.5.    Friends/tourists

As a rule, welfare considerations do not apply to visits from friends or for tourists.

 

Karl Erik Sjøholt
Head of Department

Contact: The Managed Migration Department, the Visa Unit

Latest changes
  • Changed: PN 2012-008 Visa practice for the red group (4/20/2018)

    An updated version of the memo is now available in English.

  • Endret: PN 2012-008 Visumpraksis for rød gruppe (3/14/2018)

    Visumpraksis justeres årlig med hensyn til plassering av land. Elfenbenskysten og Guinea er flyttet til rød gruppe. Det er også foretatt en noe større endring av PN for å informere bedre om hvordan returvilkåret skal vurderes og i hvilke tilfeller velferdshensyn skal vektlegges.

  • Changed: PN 2012-008 Visa practice for the red group (10/19/2016)

    The visa practice memo for the red group is updated. The countries listed in this group are the same as before.

  • Endret: PN 2012-008 Visumpraksis for rød gruppe (10/12/2016)

    Praksisnotatet for rød gruppe er oppdatert, men det er ingen endringer i hvilke land som er i denne gruppen. Retningslinjene angir praksis for returvurderinger, herunder hvilke velferdshensyn som skal tas.

  • New: PN 2012-008 Visa practice for the red group (11/23/2015)

    The practice memo is now available in English.

  • Changed: PN 2012-008 Visumpraksis for rød gruppe (7/3/2015)

    The visa practice memo has been updated. Djibouti, Gambia and Libya have been moved from the orange to the red group.

  • Changed: PN 2012-008 Visumpraksis for rød gruppe (6/24/2013)

    Adjustments are made to the visa practice memos. Libya is removed from the red group and moved to the orange group.

  • Visumpraksis for rød gruppe (7/5/2012)

    New structure for visa practices are categorized into groups. Practice for the 126 visa countries are divided into four categories: green group, yellow group, orange group and red group.

Norwegian Directorate
of Immigration
Utlendingsdirektoratet
P.O. box 2098 Vika
NO-0125 Oslo
Norway

Editor in Chief: Stephan Mo